What is the status of this hadith?
Matan (Text of) Hadith
This is a famous hadith in our society. It is said, the Prophet PBUH said:
تَرْكُ صَلَاةِ فَجْرِ وَاحِدَة: سَيُدْخِلُ جَهَنَّمُ لِثَلَاثِيْنَ عَامًا، أَوْ سِتِّيْنَ أَلْف عَامٍ مِنْ أَعْوَامِ الدُّنْيَا. تَرْكُ صَلَاةِ الظُّهْرِ يُعَادِل خَطِيْئَة قَتْل أَلْفَ مُسْلِم. تَرْكُ صَلَاةِ العَصْرِ: يُعَادِل خَطِيْئَة هَدْمِ الكَعْبَةِ. تَرْكُ صَلَاةِ المَغْرِبِ: يُعَادِل الزِّنَا بِالأَبَوَيْنِ. تَرْكُ صَلَاةِ العِشَاءِ، لَنْ يُبَارِكَ لَهُ الله فِي بَقَائِهِ عَلَى الأَرْضِ، تَحْتَ سَمَائِهِ أَوْ فِي مَطْعَمِهِ وَمَشْرَبِهِ
“Leaving one Subuh prayer will result in the punishment in hell for 30 years or equivalent to 60,000 years in this world. Leaving one Zuhur prayer is the same as killing 1000 Muslims. Leaving one Asar prayer is the same as destroying the Ka’ba. Leaving one Maghrib prayer is the same as committing fornication with one’s parents. Leaving one Isya’ prayer will result in Allah SWT refusing to bless him living under the skies of the earth nor eating and drinking from what He has bestowed.”
Waalaikumussalam wrm. wbt.
Alhamdulillah, praise and thanks to Allah for the countless blessings He has blessed us all with. Blessings and salutations to the Prophet Muhammad PBUH, his wives, his family, companions and all those that follow his teachings to the day of judgement.
Status of the Hadith
This narration’s origin is unknown and it is fake. Thus, it is haram for us to spread it unless we want to state that it is a fake hadith. The reason is associating something that is not from the Prophet PBUH to the Prophet PBUH is a grave sin.
Furthermore, there is another hadith similar to the above hadith but it is also not stated in any renown hadith books:
مَنْ تَرَكَ صَلَاةَ الصُّبْحِ فَلَيْسَ فِي وَجْهِهِ نُوْرٌ، وَمَنْ تَرَكَ صَلَاةَ الظُّهْرِ فَلَيْسَ فِي رِزْقِهِ بَرَكَةٌ، وَمَنْ تَرَكَ صَلَاةَ العَصْرِ فَلَيْسَ فِي جِسْمِهِ قُوَّةٌ، وَمَنْ تَرَكَ صَلَاةَ المَغْرِبِ فَلَيْسَ فِي أَوْلَادِهِ ثَمَرَةٌ، وَمَنْ تَرَكَ صَلَاةَ العِشَاءِ فَلَيْسَ فِي نَوْمِهِ رَاحَةٌ
“Whoever leave the Subuh prayer then there will be no light on his face. Whoever leave the Zohor prayer, there will be no blessing on his sustenance. Whoever leaves the Asar prayer, his body will weaken. Whoever leaves the Maghrib prayer, there will be no yield for his children. Whoever leaves the Isya’ prayer, then he will not be calm in his sleep.”
The Status of the Hadith
This narration’s origin is also unknown from where as it is not stated in renown hadith books and it is a fake hadith. Hence, it is haram for us to spread it unless to state it is a fabrication. Furthermore, associating something that is not stated by the Prophet PBUH is a grave sin as stated in sahih hadiths related to the prohibition of lying on the name of the Prophet PBUH.
To conclude, both these hadiths are unauthentic and not from the Prophet PBUH. Moreover, it is haram for us to narrate or spread it unless to state that it is a fabrication and this is included as our obligation to protect the Prophet PBUH from any deception associated by the Prophet PBUH. Furthermore, identifying or verifying the status of a hadith is of utmost importance, for the Prophet PBUH warned those who lie about him and his words (his hadith). This is as stated by the prophet PBUH:
مَنْ حَدَّثَ عَنِّي بِحَدِيْثٍ يُرَىْ أَنَّهُ كَذِبٌ فَهُوَ أَحَدُ الْكَاذِبِيْنَ
"Whoever narrates a Hadith from me thinking it to be false, then he is considered as a liar."
(See Muqaddimah Sahih Muslim)
Lastly, may Allah SWT make us from among those who love knowledge and grant us understanding in this religion as well as protect us from making a mistake in conveying the hadith of the Prophet PBUH. Amin.